Attention: Money 101 will no longer be available after May 31, 2021. After that time the Enrich financial literacy tool will be available at moving forward.

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Saving & Investing - Head Matters


2. Saving vs. Investing

b. Common savings products

EE Series Savings bonds are issued by the federal government. They can be bought for as little as $25 and never lose this amount.  The interest earned doesn’t change and is exempt from state and local income tax. The money is tied up for five years and there is a penalty if you redeem the bonds before that date.

Savings accounts are often the first banking product people use.  Most have a relatively low interest rate.

Money-market funds are specialized funds  that invest in extremely short-term bonds. These funds usually pay a slightly higher interest rate than a savings account, but often less than a certificate of deposit (CD).  Because a money-market fund invests in things that are guaranteed by the U. S. government, it is low risk.  Savers who are building up a fund for investment purposes sometimes use money-market funds because they earn a higher return than they would with a basic savings account and they can take their money out at any time without paying a penalty.

Certificates of deposit are often referred to as a “CD.” This is a specialized deposit made at a bank or other financial institution.  Savers place their money in the bank for a specified period of time—usually several months or years—and the bank promises to pay a certain rate of return or interest.  The money must be left in the CD for the entire specified time or a penalty fee for early withdrawal is charged.  The rate of return is usually higher than that paid for a savings account.

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