Attention: Money 101 will no longer be available after May 31, 2021. After that time the Enrich financial literacy tool will be available at moving forward.

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Credit - Head Matters


1. Benefits and Costs

b. Explain the Difference in Cost between Cash and Credit Purchases

When you purchase an item with cash, your only cost is the purchase price plus any taxes. When you purchase an item with credit, you add credit costs. These may include interest, late fees, and annual fees.

Interest is the price paid for the use of someone else’s money—for example, the bank’s money. Interest can also be money paid to savers and investors by financial institutions, governments, or corporations for their use of your money. So interest can work against you – making things you buy cost more. But interest can also work for you; for example, when you put your money in a savings account, you are lending your money to a bank and the bank pays you interest for allowing them to hold and use your money.

Interest rates for loans can vary quite a bit. You may find a home loan for 5% and the interest rate can be as high as 35% on some loans or credit cards - it pays to shop around! The interest rate is expressed as an annual percentage rate or APR. The APR should be compared among several businesses before using borrowed money, such as credit cards, if you want to save money.

When using credit there are also fees to consider. Creditors may charge application fees for some types of loans, such as mortgages, and annual fees on loans such as credit cards. Most companies charge fees for late payments. The total dollar amount paid to use credit, including interest and fees, is called a finance charge.  Depending on the type of loan, the APR may include some fees, but does not include all possible fees. Sometimes interest rates may seem low but other fees, such as an annual fee charged to you by the credit card company, makes the real cost of the credit much higher than it appears.

Knowing the difference between cash and credit purchases can help you make good decisions and save a lot of money in interest charges in the long run.

Credit Card Tips Video
Used wisely, credit cards can offer convenience and flexibility, but if you're not careful credit card use can throw your financial goals off track quickly! Managing your credit card use can help prevent soaring account balances and extra interest payments. Check out this Great Video from our partner, The Federal Reserve Bank of Kansas City.
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